Pregnancy nutrition is critical to your unborn child’s healthy growth and development. Pregnant women need to eat enough to meet their and their baby’s nutrient requirements. Protein, folate, iodine, iron, and other vitamins and minerals are essential during pregnancy. When taken for at least 30 days before conception and for the first three months of pregnancy, folate (also known as ‘folic acid’ when taken as a supplement) helps prevent neural tube abnormalities such as spina bifida. Iodine is essential for the development of the brain and nervous system, and iron aids in the prevention of both maternal anaemia and infant low birth weight. For the growth of the baby’s central nervous and skeleton, B12 and Vit D are particularly vital (D). Ensuring you’re getting enough vitamin C can assist your body in better absorbing iron from your food.
Taking multivitamins while pregnant :
A multivitamin is a supplement that contains a variety of vitamins and minerals. Pregnant ladies can find specific multivitamin formulations (prenatal multivitamins). However, they should not be considered a replacement for a well-balanced diet. Taking prenatal multivitamins, you should still consume a balanced diet. Don’t take multivitamins that aren’t specifically formulated for pregnancy if you’re expecting.
What are the benefits of prenatal vitamins?
At the very least, you should supplement your folic acid intake three months before you hope to conceive. The placenta and foetus benefit from iron, and iron aids in the production of blood, which in turn aids in the delivery of oxygen to the developing foetus. Iron helps prevent anaemia, a disease in which the blood has a low amount of healthy red blood cells.
Is there a specific period when I should begin taking my prenatal vitamins?
Prenatal vitamins should be started as soon as you decide to try to conceive. Ideally, you should take prenatal vitamins at least a month before becoming pregnant—and definitely during the first 12 weeks of pregnancy, when the baby’s development is at its most crucial moment. For pregnant women, prenatal vitamins contain all essential daily vitamins and minerals, which in turn helps ensure that your growing baby gets all the nutrients they need. A prenatal vitamin can even help reduce the risk of birth abnormalities, thanks to the vitamins and minerals it contains.
Folic acid deficiency in pregnancy can lead to neural tube defects and stillbirth ?
Neural tube abnormalities are more common in babies whose mothers did not acquire enough folic acid before and throughout pregnancy. Neuronal tube abnormalities are life-threatening birth anomalies that can affect the spine and spinal cord, and Spina bifida is one of them. Folic acid prevents neonatal tube abnormalities, which are significant birth disorders, in unborn children. Before a woman is even aware she is pregnant, specific birth abnormalities occur. Folic acid may also prevent other types of birth abnormalities and early pregnancy loss (miscarriage). Even if you aren’t trying to get pregnant, experts recommend that all women consume adequate folic acid because roughly half of all pregnancies in the United States are unplanned1. Anaemia caused by a lack of folic acid is known as folate-deficiency anaemia. Women of childbearing age are more likely to suffer from folate deficiency anaemia than men.