Water soluble vitamins are essential vitamins that give us energy converted from food we eat, they are carried throughout our body tissues and aren’t stored in the body but works as an essential ingredient in the blood flow carrying nutrients around the body. There are multiple types of Vitamins present in our body that are water soluble.
Difference between water soluble and fat soluble vitamins
Fat soluble vitamins
The kind of vitamins that are easily soluble to dissolve in fats and oils. These vitamins are easily dissolved in fat and are stored in the human body. The food items that provides fat soluble vitamins are green vegetables, meat, milk, animal food, etc.
Water soluble vitamins
As you can observe through the name that already states the meaning that they are easy to dissolve in water and does not stays in body because the excess quantity of these vitamins comes out immediately through urine. These vitamins are not stored in the body but helps in conversion of food substances like protein fats carbohydrates into energy, the examples of water soluble vitamins are Vitamin C, Vitamin B1, Vitamin B2, Vitamin B3, Vitamin B5, Vitamin B6, Vitamin B7, Vitamin B9, and Vitamin B12.
Key functions of water soluble vitamins
The water soluble vitamins are liable to provide nutrition to the body with particular requirement and the excess amount is driven away through urine as it is not stored in the body.
There are 9 types of vitamins that are water soluble
- Vitamin B1 (thiamine)
Vitamin B1 is also known as thiamin that takes part in the essential roles of human body growth & development especially to the cellular performance and give us a better metabolism. As it is a water soluble vitamin only some of its substances stays inside our liver and the rest is either digested or driven out through excretion.
- Vitamin B2 (riboflavin)
Vitamin B2 is an essential nutrient required by the human body to help assist in breaking down of food nutrients like proteins, fats, carbohydrates and convert them into energy essential for the body to function properly with potential.
- Vitamin B3 (niacin)
Vitamin B3 also known as niacin is also one of the essential nutrient preferably to take with a meal that helps to convert food into energy and is specifically good for maintaining long and healthy hairs, provide healthy skin & strengthen the nervous system.
- Vitamin B5 (pantothenic acid)
It plays an important role in developing cells specially blood cells and conversion of food substances into energy. The deficiency of vitamin B5 can lead to digestive problems, itching, runny nose or aggressiveness.
- Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine)
Helps in assisting the neurotransmitters that helps our sensory organs to provide signals to the brain. The deficiency of B6 can lead to stress, weaken nervous and immune system, oral ulcers.
- Vitamin B7 (biotin)
A water soluble vitamin that helps to easily metabolize the heavy nutrients like fats carbohydrates and proteins properly. The deficiency of Vitamin B7 can have several symptoms including hair loss, dry nails, red rashes around the eyes, lips, and nose and much more. Eventually it is not created by body cells but by bacteria in the body and can be given to our body through Vitamin B7 supplements.
- Vitamin B9 (folic acid)
Vitamin B9 also known as folate or folic acid pretty much essential for proper brain functioning and has a significant effect on emotional and mental health. The deficiency of vitamin B9 folic acid can lead to diarrhea, oral ulcers, mental stress, mouth sores, and grey hair.
- Vitamin B12 (various cobalamins)
The production of red blood cells is an essential function of our body to generate healthy blood circulation and to prevent nerve tissue and healthy brain functioning for all these function the Vitamin B12 is a must in your body to preserves these functions.
- Vitamin C
Vitamin C is a potential vitamin for our body and its organs it is essential to prevent our body from scurvy, bruising, oral and gum issues, hair loss, dry skin, and anemia.
Although both the vitamins either they are water soluble or fat soluble vitamins are important for the human body to maintain the sustainability of our organs to maintain our body with effective growth and all the nutrients to work accordingly and provide us energy to cope up with the goals and ambitions.